Lithuania is a member of the World Trade Organisation (since 2001), the member of the European Union and NATO (from 2004). In 2007 it joined the Schengen area and in 2018 became OECD member.
Lithuania is a transit country with a well-developed road and rail infrastructure, and four international airports. Freight train Vikingas, connecting the Baltic and the Black Seas, is on of the Best Green logistics and multi-modal transportation project. The country has two railway systems – the European (1435 mm) Est standart – Russian (1,520 mm) gauge.
As many as two of the ten most important European Union transport corridors cross the territory of Lithuania: I North-South corridor connecting Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Kaliningrad (IA branch), and IX East-West corridor connecting the Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania and Kaliningrad (IXD branch).
Cargo transportation in Lithuania
Direct rail routes link Lithuania with Latvia and Estonia, Poland and Germany. Rail is used to transport oil products, fertilizers, mineral products, metals, wood, vegetable products, a variety of small cargo, frozen products, cargo in containers, computers.
Lithuania is part of the intercontinental railway network of TRACECA. TRACECA is a railway track length of 5,113 km, connecting European Union countries with Caucasus and Central Asia: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Iran, Moldova, Romania, Turkey, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan.
Cargo transportation in TRACECA network speeds up the communication between the Black Sea region and Asia. Now Asia can be reached in just 15 days and the Black Sea countries – within 55 hours.